There are numerous branches of chemistry. Below is a list compilation of the main branches, with a summary of each of the studies.
Agrochemistry to Combinatorial Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry: It deals with the study of material properties. It is also where they develop tools that we use in analyzing materials.
Agrochemistry: It is a branch of chemistry that we can also call agricultural chemistry. The primary area specialty of this branch is the application of chemistry for food processing, agricultural production, and environmental remediation. All these revolve around as a result of agriculture.
Chemical History: It is a branch of history and chemistry that traces the evolution in chemistry over time as a science. To some extent, we include alchemy as a topic of chemistry history.
Biochemistry: It is a branch of chemistry dealing with the chemical reactions that happen inside living organisms.
Chemical Engineering: A branch of chemistry that involves the practical application of chemistry in problem-solving.
Combinatorial Chemistry: It involves using computers in simulating molecules and the reactions that occur between the molecules.
Cluster Chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the study of clusters of bound atoms and intermediate in size between bulk solids and single molecules.
Astrochemistry is the study of reactions and composition of chemical elements and molecules that we find in space and stars. It covers the interaction between radiation and matter.
Electrochemistry to Green Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry: It is the chemistry that associates with water, air, and soil, and that of human impact on the natural systems.
Electrochemistry, as a branch of chemistry, deals with studying the chemical reactions that occur in solutions at the interface between an electrical conductor and an ionic conductor. People consider electrochemistry to be the study of the transfer of electrons within an electrolytic solution.
Food Chemistry is a branch of chemistry associates with all the chemical processes that revolve around all food aspects.
Green Chemistry deals with the processes and products that reduce or eliminate the release or use of hazardous substances.
Inorganic Chemistry to Polymer Chemistry
Kinetics: It examines the rate at which reactions involving chemicals occur and the factors that may affect the rate of these processes.
Inorganic Chemistry: It deals with the interactions and structure between inorganic compounds. Inorganic compounds are those compounds that do not have carbon-hydrogen bonds.
Polymer Chemistry: People also refer to it as macromolecular chemistry. It deals with the examining of structures and properties of polymers and macromolecules. The study goes ahead to find new ways in which the molecules can be synthesized in chemistry.
Photochemistry: It is a branch of chemistry dealing with the interactions between matter and light.
Solid State to Theoretical Chemistry
Spectroscopy: It deals with examining the interactions between electromagnetic radiation and matter as a function of wavelength. Scientists use spectroscopy in the detection and identification of chemicals drawing data from their spectroscopic signatures.
Solid State Chemistry: It focuses on the properties, structure, and chemical processes in the solid phase.
Theoretical Chemistry: It applies both physics and chemistry calculations in explaining or making predictions on chemical phenomena.
There is a significant overlap between all the branches. An example is that a scientist who specializes in thermochemistry knows more about physical chemistry. On the other hand, a polymer chemist knows more about organic chemistry.